Southridge Dental's Surrey cosmetic dentistry experts are able to combine various modern, effective cosmetic dentistry procedures to give our Surrey and White Rock dental patients that perfect, beautiful smile - crowns, composite and porcelain tooth veneers, bridges and implants.
Composite and Porcelain Tooth Veneers
Often an alternative to crowns, veneers are very thin pieces of specially-shaped porcelain or plastic, which are glued over the front of your teeth. Little or no anaesthesia is required for this process. Veneers are the solution for the correction of unwanted or uneven spaces between teeth, or for teeth that have small holes or pits, are severely discoloured, chipped, misshapen or crooked. Veneers are ideal for teeth that are too small, too big, or have uneven surfaces. In most cases, little of the tooth itself needs to be removed.
Veneers are created from an impression (mold) taken in the dentist's office. The custom veneer is then glued directly to the tooth. Veneers are a popular solution for many people seeking that perfect smile, as they typically cost less than crowns and don't stain. Strong and very durable, they also generally last 10 to 15 years.
Composite (direct) plastic veneers are usually performed in a single visit. A bond and enamel is applied directly to the tooth's surface.
Porcelain (indirect) veneers are composed of a very thin porcelain material. Two visits are usually required. A dental laboratory creates the final tooth restoration piece.
A dental bridge is a false tooth, known as a pontic, which is fused between two porcelain crowns to fill in the area left by a missing tooth. The two crowns holding it in place are attached to the teeth on each side of the false tooth. This is known as a fixed bridge, and is used to replace one or more missing teeth. Unlike removable partial dentures, fixed bridges cannot be removed from your mouth.
In areas of the mouth that are under less stress, such as the front teeth, a cantilever bridge may be used. These are used when there are teeth on only one side of the open space.
Bridges can reduce the risk of gum disease, help correct some bite issues and even improve speech. They can last as long as 10 years or more. If spaces are left unfilled, they may cause the surrounding teeth to drift out of position, and can also cause your other teeth and your gums to be more susceptible to tooth decay and gum disease.
Grinding your teeth, an improper bite, age, fillings and tooth decay all contribute to the wearing down, cracking or breakage of teeth. Dental crowns cover the entire visible surface of the affected tooth and add strength, durability and tooth stability. In some instances, crowns may be used to replace a missing tooth. Typically, crowns are anchored to the teeth on either side, with a bridge section connecting the two crowns. In lieu of bridges, single tooth dental implants may be used, eliminating the need for crown support.
The dentist makes an impression of the tooth and a dental lab creates the crown. Typically, our patient leaves our Surrey dental office with a temporary crown while the permanent crown is being constructed. This takes about two weeks. The permanent crown is then cemented to the tooth.
Crowns usually last 10-15 years.
Dental implants are a very effective, permanent solution for replacing missing teeth. These are fixtures, usually made of titanium, which are surgically screwed into the jaw bone. The implant is an anchor for a natural-looking false tooth or set of false teeth. Implants are typically best placed in the front portion of the lower jaw. It is essential that there be enough bone in the area of the missing teeth to which the implant(s) can be attached. If there is insufficient bone for this purpose, a bone graft may be necessary. People missing most, if not all, of their teeth benefit greatly from this procedure. Implants are also being used, increasingly, to replace certain types of bridges and removable partial dentures.
There are three types of dental implants: root form implants, plate form implants and subperiosteal implants. The Root Form, screw-type implant is shaped like the root of a tooth. It is the most commonly used implant, and is used where there is plenty of width and depth to the jawbone. Bone grafting may be needed if the jawbone is too narrow or short for implant placement.
The Plate Form implant is used when the jawbone is too narrow for bone grafting. It has a flat and long shape for a better fit into a narrow jawbone.
If there's not enough bone width or height for the root form or plate form implants, the Subperiosteal implant is recommended. It is custom-made to rest on top of the jawbone and under the gums, similar to the plate form implant. There are two methods of placement, the first of which involves taking an impression of the jawbone and having a dental laboratory make a custom-fit implant for the jaw. The second requires a CAT scan of the jawbone. Through computer modeling techniques, a model of the jawbone is made from the CAT information. A custom-fit subperiosteal implant is then created by a dental laboratory.
In all types of implants, the healing process takes 3-6 months. Dental implants will last a lifetime